Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
Nursing assistants work directly with the patient giving physical care and emotional support. The nursing assistant helps patients with personal hygiene, nutrition, elimination and mobility. Nursing assistants work for nursing homes, hospitals, temporary help agencies and home care agencies. Advancement in the health care field for nursing assistants is possible with further education.
Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
Licensed practical nurses assist in caring for the sick under the direction of registered nurses, physicians, dentists or podiatrists. They perform procedures and treatments such as measuring vital signs, applying dressings and giving medications. LPNs work for nursing homes, hospitals, clinics and other health care facilities. With experience and training, they may work in specialized areas such as recovery room, intensive care or obstetric units. However, advancement in the health care field may be accomplished with further education.
Associate Degree Nurse (ADN)
Registered nurses care for the sick and help people stay well. They provide bedside nursing care in collaboration with a physician in the hospital, in longterm care facilities or in the home. Nurses also provide services in community facilities like schools and clinics. Industry is another setting where nurses are employed. With experience and education, nurses may work in specialized areas such as pediatrics, emergency or intensive care units. Nurses may obtain bachelor’s degrees and advanced degrees such as master’s or doctorate degrees.